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初二上册单元辅导英语语法

   日期:2020-12-22     来源:www.zhixueshuo.com    作者:智学网    浏览:459    评论:0    
核心提示:学习是把常识、能力、思维办法等转化为你的私有产权的要紧方法,是“公有转私”的要紧渠道。你的一生,没办法离开学习,学习是你

学习是把常识、能力、思维办法等转化为你的私有产权的要紧方法,是“公有转私”的要紧渠道。你的一生,没办法离开学习,学习是你最忠实的朋友,它会听你的召唤,它会帮你走向一个又一个成功。以下是智学网为您收拾的《初二上册单元辅导英语语法》,供大伙查阅。






本单元的话题:谈论假期活动内容,复习一般过去时。

本单元的语法:1.复习一般过去时;2.学习不定代词和不定副词的使用方法。

2.不定代词和不定副词的使用方法:

(1)左侧的some、any、every、no与右侧的body、one、thing构成不定代词,some、any、every、no与右侧的疑问副词where构成不定副词;

(2)普通情况下以some开头的不定代词和不定副词用于一定句,以any开头的不定代词和不定副词用于否定句、疑问句;以no开头的不定代词和不定副词表示否定含义(no one为两个单词);

(3)不定代词或不定副词和形容词连用时,形容词放在后面。

He has something important to do.他有要紧的事情要做。(一定句用something,形容词important放后)

Did you buy anything special? (一般疑问句用anything,形容词special放后)

Did you go anywhere interesting last month?上个月你去让人感兴趣的地方了吗?



(4)不定代词和不定副词做主语时,后面的动词用单数形式。Everone is here today.今天每一个人都在这里。

本单元的短语和要点:

1. go on vacation去度假 go to the mountains 上山/进山

2.stay at home呆在家go to the beach去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆 go to summer camp去参观夏令营

3. study for tests为考试而学习\备考go out出去

4. quite a few相当多,不少(后跟可数名词复数)take photos照相 most of the time大多数时间

5.buy sth for sb = buy sb sth为某人买某物

6. taste good. 尝起来非常不错

taste(尝起来)、look(看着)、sound(听起来)为感官动词,后跟形容词

7.have a good\great\fun time过得开心,玩得愉快(=enjoy oneself) 8. go shopping去购物 9. nothing…but+动词原形:除去……以外什么都没

He had nothing to do at home but read yesterday.昨天他在家除去念书无事可做。

10. seem to do sth:仿佛… I seem to know him.我仿佛认识他。

seem+(to be)+形容词:看着…The work seems(to be)easy.这工作看着比较容易。

11.keep a diary记日记

12. in+大地方:达到某地 (get to +地方:达到某地)

arrive at+小地方:达到某地

如果是arrive和get后跟home、there、here三个地址副词,后面的介词in\at\to需要去掉。

Tom got home yesterday evening=Tom arrived home yesterday evening.昨晚汤姆到家。

13.decide to do sth:决订做某事 14. try doing sth.尝试做某事try to do sth.尽力去做某事

15. feel like给…的感觉;感受到 16. in the past 在过去 walk around四处走走

enjoy doing sth:喜欢做某事 difference---- different

18.start doing sth:开始做某事 (= start to do sth)

19.19.over an hour一个多小时 (over超越,多余 = more than)

20. too many 太多,后接可数名词复数。 too much 太多,后跟不可数名词,修饰动词作状语。

much too 太,后跟形容词或副词 , 分辨三者的口诀: too much, much too, 使用方法不同看后头:much 后接不可数,too 后修饰形或副。too many 要记住,后面名词必复数。

21. because of 由于,后接名词、代词或动名词(即动词+ing),不可以接句子。

because由于,后跟句子。

He was late for school because of getting up late.他由于起晚而上学迟到。(get为动词)

= He was late for school because he got up late.

22. enough与名词连用,一般放在名词前He has enough money .

23. enough与形容词或副词连用,enough放在后面。He is old enough to go to school.

24. doing sth.忘记已经做过某事(已经做完)

Forget to do sth.忘记去做某事(还未做)

25. so+形容词+that+句子:这样…以至于…

too+形容词+to do sth:太…以至于不可以…

形容词+enough to do sth:足够…可以做某事(注意三个句型有时可以互换)

He is so young that he can′t go to school.= He is too young to go to school.

= He isn′t old enough to go to school.


本单元的话题:谈论生活习惯,复习一般目前时。

本单元的语法:1.复习一般目前时;2.学习表示频率副词的使用方法。

主要频率副词的等级排序:always usually often sometimes hardly ever never

这部分副词在句子中的地方,一般放在助动词、be动词或情态动词之后,行为动词之前。即:“行”前“助”后。 Peter is always late for school. Peter上学一直迟到。

I usually do my homework in the evening. 我一般在晚上做作业。

提问 always, sometimes, twice a day 等频率副词,用 How often

I watch TV every day.我天天都看电视→How often do you watch TV?

本单元的短语和要点:

1.on weekends在周末 go to the movies去看电影 help with housework帮做家务 how often多长时间一次 hardly ever几乎从不

2.once a week每周一次 twice a week每周两次 every day天天 use the Internet用网络

be free有空 Are you free on weekends?你周末有空吗?

4.stay up late熬夜at least至少go to bed early早点睡觉play sports进行体育活动

5.after school 放学后 6.want sth:需要某物 He wants a new pen.他想要一支新钢笔。

want to do sth:想做某事 He wants to watch TV after school.放学后他想去看电视。

want sb to do sth:让某人做某事 My mother wants me get up early.母亲让我早起。

7.be good for对……有好处 be bad for 对……有害处

8. play computer games打电子游戏 go camping去野营 9.ask sb about sth:问某人某事 My parents often ask me about my study.我的爸爸妈妈常常问我的学习状况。

10. in one’s spare time在某人空闲时间He studies English in his spare time.11.”数字+percent of+名词”做主语时,后面的单词取决于名词的状况。若名词为复数,后面的动词用复数形式;若名词为单数或不可数名词,后面的动词用单数形式。

In our class ,twenty of students are boys. Thirty of water is dirty.

12.not…at all:一点儿也不 (not构成否定句)I don’t like the movie at all.

13.go online上网=surf the Internet 14.the answer to+名词:…的答案

16.the way to do sth: 做某事的方法

The best way to learn English is speaking English.学英语的办法是说英语.

17.such as比方说 (后跟名词或名词短语)for example 比如(后跟句子)

He likes fruits,such as apples,bananas and so on.他喜欢水果,比如苹果、香蕉等。

He has some good ways to study English,for example ,he often listens to tapes.

19.more than 超越,多余 go to the dentist去看牙医



本单元的话题:谈论事物对比,学习形容词比较级。

本单元的语法:学习形容词比较级。(语法:见课本第113页至115页)

本单元的短语和要点:

1.play+the +乐器 play the drums打鼓 比较play +球类 play basketball打篮球

both…and…两者都 Both Tom and Jim are students.

3.be good at+名词\代词\V ing:擅长,在某方面做得好

7.be like:像… The books are like friends.书像朋友。

8.make friends :(和某人)交朋友 enjoy doing sth:喜欢做某事

9.be different from与…不一样 My brother is different from me.我弟弟与我不同。

10.help sb to sth:帮某人做某事

常与help sb with sth互换 He often helps me (to) learn English.他常常帮我学英语。= He often helps me with my English.他常常在英语方面帮我。

help do sth:帮做某事He often helps( to)cook at home.他常常在家帮做饭。

13.be good with sb:与某人相处非常不错 14.information (n.消息,信息)不可数名词


本单元的话题:谈论事物对比, 学习形容词和副词的级。

本单元的语法:学习形容词和副词的级。

本单元的短语和要点:

1.welcome to+地址:欢迎来到某地 Welcome to our school.欢迎来我校。

2.What do you think of sth?=How dou you like sth?你觉得...如何?

3.watch sb do sth:看见某人做了某事(= see sb do sth )

4.比较级别 +and+比较级:愈来愈…(若比较级为more+形容词原级,则为:more and more形容词原级)The buildings are taller and taller. Our school is getting more and more beautiful.

5.around the world全世界=all over the world, such as 比如


本单元的话题:谈论自己对天使节目或电影的爱好,掌握表达我们的感受。

本单元的语法:复习一般目前时。

本单元的短语和要点:

1. What do you think of sth?=How dou you like sth?你觉得…如何?

What do you think of the movie?你觉得这部电影如何? It is boring.非常无聊。

2.mind doing sth:在意做某事 3. news a piece of good news一条好消息 4.learn from sb:向某人学习(某物) 5.plan to do sth:计划做某事(plan的过去式planned,目前分词planning) 6.hope to do sth:期望做某事

8.favorite = like…best

My favorite shows are talk shows.我最喜欢的节目是谈话节目。=I like talk shows best.

9.expect to do sth:期待做某事 10.think of觉得,想起He often thinks of his teachers. 11.in the 1930s:在二十世纪三十年代(1930年至1939年)

10.12.one of +可数名词复数:…之一(该短语放在句首做主语时,后面的动词用单数形式)One of the students has an English dictionary.这部分学生中一个人有英语字典。

14.luck—lucky--unlucky

15.be ready to do sth乐意做某事 16.try one's best (to do sth):尽力(做某事)

Unit6 Im going to study computer science.

本单元的话题:谈论自己以后的计划或打算。

本单元的语法:学习一般以后时be going to do sth。

本单元的短语和要点:

1.词性转换:science —scientist(名词,科学家)

violin(名词,小提琴)--violinst(名词,小提琴家)piano(名词,钢琴)-- pianist(名词,钢琴家)2.grow up成长,长大 3.be good at+名词\代词\动词+ing:擅长… He is good at math,but he isn’t good at speaking English.他擅长数学,但是不擅长说英语。

4.keep on doing sth: 继续做某事 5.be sure about:确信,对…有把握

His mother isn’t sure about his study.他的母亲对他的学习没把握。

6. move to +地址:搬(家)到某地 7. take singing\acting lessons上歌唱课\上表演课=have singing\acting lessons 8. send sb sth = send sth to sb寄\送给某人某物

His grandfather often sends him money。= His grandfather often sends money to him.

9. learn to do sth掌握做某事

10. play the piano弹钢琴 make the soccer team组建足球队 get good grades获得好的成绩 eat healthier food吃更健康的食品 get lots of exercise进行很多训练

11. foreign language外国语言 12. study hard好好学习 most of the time大部分时间

14. get back from+地址:从…回来 He will get back from Beijing in 3 days.

at the beginning of 在…开始的时候, write down写下/记下,

17. different kinds of不一样类型的 have to do with关于,与…有关系,take up开始从事

20. too+形容词+to do sth:太…以至于不可以…

so+形容词+that+句子:这样…以至于…

形容词+enough to do sth:足够…可以做某事(注意三个句型有时可以互相转换)

He is so young that he can′t go to school.他这样年青以至于不可以去上学。

= He is too young to go to school.他太年青了以至于不可以去上学。

= He isn′t old enough to go to school.

22.make sb+形容词:让某人如何 The good news made us happy.(注意:news为不可数名词)

23.how to do better at school为“疑问词+不定式”即“疑问词+to do sth”

He didn’t know when to start.他不知晓哪个时候开始。 24.go to university去上大学


 
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